An Introduction into Semi-permanent makeup
Semi permanent makeup is a form of cosmetic tattooing. There are various forms of semi-permanent makeup application, including manual or machine techniques.
I used the word tattoo. You're instant thought, no way. But first, here me out, it's not what your probably thinking at all. Semi-permanent brow treatments have evolved and developed into something much less daunting.
They are by comparison a much less invasive form of ordinary tattooing. This is due to the depth at which specialist brow pigments are inserted into the skin. Traditional tattooing is implanted much deeper than that of modern SPMU machines or manual microblading is.
The pigment is placed into the top layer of the dermis in a very controlled way. Precision, pressure and stretch all play the fundamental role of exceptional stroke application.
A brief Introduction into Skin Anatomy
Skin is the largest organ in your body and is your bodies first line of defence. It acts as a protector from external aggressors and harmful damage from UVA/UVB rays, bacteria, micro-organisms, temperature variations and chemical exposure – to name a few. Semi-permanent treatments require an understanding of the fundamental roles of the skin and how it works.
Epidermis; is the name given to the very top layer of skin. It is made up of keratinized skin cells that shed frequently. There is no direct blood supply to the epidermis and therefor relies heavy on the function of the dermis to provide it with support and nutrition in order to maintain the protective layer.
So, for those of you who are unfamiliar with the epidermis but want to know more, let me simplify. the epidermis is composed of layers: 1. The Stratum Corneum, 2. The Stratum Granulosum, 3. The Stratum Spinulosum and finally 4. The Stratum Basal. Microblading is carried out just below the Basal layer of the Epidermis. This layer sits on top of the dermis.
The Dermis, which is also commonly known as the second layer of skin is made up of connective tissue and sits right beneath the epidermis. The dermis contains collagen and elastin which helps to support the overall structure of the skin. It is also home to hair follicles, glands and nerve endings. The dermis’ primary function is to provide the support for the optimal health and function of the epidermis.
The layer directly below the dermis is called the hyper dermis or subcutaneous fat layer. This layer’s role is to provide insulation and to act as a shock absorber to protect the vital organs.
Depth is one of the most important aspects to consider when it comes to semi-permanent makeup treatments. Only with the correct depth of insertion will you be able to successfully achieve crisp, fine and smooth strokes.
0.08 - 0.15mm are the range of depths based on thickness of the clients skin.
3 Point Stretch and Pressure
Applying the 3 point stretch for each and every hair stroke is crucial. This element of the treatment is imperative for the successful execution of high quality work. Failure to apply it will result in uneven dispersement and insertion of pigment causing an undesirable final result upon healing. The 3 point stretch will result in applied pressure to ensure the skin is pulled taught enabling the blades to slide effortlessly across the skin. Not enough stretch will result in a jagged appearance with uneven pigment distribution across the stroke.